Editor's Note: It has been another busy year for Chinese President Xi Jinping. Important speeches he made in conferences, inspections and state visits set the tone for China's reform, development agenda and diplomacy. Let's have a look at some of the new terms he used in 2015 that have the most influence.
Chinese President Xi Jinping, who is also general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee, delivers an important speech at the fifth plenary session of the 18th CPC Central Commission for Discipline Inspection (CCDI) in Beijing, capital of China, Jan. 13, 2015. [Photo/Xinhua]
【Political discipline and rules】
Political discipline and rules exist to enable CPC cadres to defend the authority of the CPC Central Committee. Cadres must follow these rules, aligning themselves with the committee in deed and thought, at all times and in any situation.
The new rural construction should conform to the reality and law of development in rural areas. The rural flavor and landscape should be retained, and the natural environment and local culture protected.
The strategy consists of comprehensively building a moderately prosperous society, comprehensively driving reform to a deeper level, comprehensively governing the country in accordance with the law, and comprehensively enforcing strict Party discipline.
We will seize the critical minority of top cadres to promote rule by law across the nation.
【Feel the progress】
As the CPC Central Committee has entrusted the coordination of reform plans to the leading group, local Party organs and governments must play their part in implementing the central leadership's decisions. Concrete reform measures are needed so that people can really feel the progress.
【Improving "political ecology"】
Xi warned against pollution of the "political ecology", urging officials to stay disciplined amid efforts to promote development. "Political ecology is like natural ecology; it is easily vulnerable to pollution in an unguarded moment," he said. "Once problems arise, a great price must be paid for recovery."
Ideological and political work should be highly valued. As reform progresses, ideology should follow each step of the reform. People should strive to become reformers.
【Targeted measures in poverty alleviation】
Targeted measures that follow local characteristics should be taken in poverty alleviation, so as to reach China's goal of eradicating poverty by 2020.
Along with agricultural modernization and new rural construction, local governments will ensure that villagers have access to hygienic toilets.
【Fundamentals of China's economy remain unchanged】
China's positive economic fundamentals and long-term trajectory remain unchanged. What also remain unchanged are the basic facts that China economy has strong resilience, great potential, and ample room for maneuvering. The strong support and conditions favorable for a steadily growing economy have not changed. And the forward movements of the country’s economic restructuring and upgrading have not changed.
【Crucial stage in revitalization of old industrial bases】
The revitalization of old industrial bases in northeast China has entered a crucial stage. Xi underlined the importance of enhancing the core competitiveness of the industrial sector in an effort to inject new vigor into old industrial bases.
【A new kind of international relations】
We should advocate the principles of the UN Charter, establish a new kind of international relations with mutually beneficial cooperation at its core, and build a worldwide shared destiny.
China stands ready to work with other UN member states to build mutually beneficial international relationships, improve the architecture of global governance and build a common destiny for mankind.
Vigorous efforts are called for to protect the country's forests and further the voluntary tree planting campaign, which will in turn create a better ecological environment and a more beautiful China.
【Supply side reform】